Journal of Dental Implant Research 2019; 38(2): 48-54  
Comparison between basal and conventional implants as a treatment modality in atrophied ridges
Shakhawan M. Ali1, Kawan S. Othman2, Abduljaleel A. Samad3, Payman Kh. Mahmud4
1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Medicine, College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan/Iraq, 2Department of Prosthodontic, School of Medicine, College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan/Iraq, 3Department of Oral Surgery, College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Kurdistan/Iraq, 4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, Shar Teaching Hospital, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan/Iraq
Correspondence to: Shakhawan M. Ali, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Medicine, College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Francois Mitterrand Street, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Tel: +009647701564731, Fax: +009647702468597, E-mail: shakhawandr@hotmail.com
Received: September 28, 2019; Accepted: October 11, 2019; Published online: September 30, 2019.
© The Korean Academy of Implant Dentistry. All rights reserved.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creative commons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Implant placement in severely atrophic jaws is especially challenging because of the poor quality and quantity of the future implant bed. Although various bone augmentation procedure like ridge augmentation, sinus lift these procedures are possible today but it may lead to surgical morbidity they increase the risks and costs of dental implant treatment as well as the number of necessary operations. Also sometimes the patient is not agreeing for such extensive surgical procedures, according to the well-known implantological rules for dental restorations, crestal implants are indicated in situations when an adequate amount of bone is present but basal implant a viable treatment option derives support from the basal bone area which usually remains free from the infection and less prone to resorption. This article discusses about the review literature of using basal implants and the differences that exist between basal implants and crestal implants in rehabilitation of atrophied edentulous jaws.
Keywords: Basal implants, Crestal implants, Orthopedic implants, Atrophied alveolar ridge


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