Journal of Dental Implant Research 2019; 38(1): 1-5  
Consensus on bone graft selection criteria in implant dentistry
Dong-Woo Kang1, Han-Chang Yu1, Young-Kyun Kim1,2
1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Section of Dentistry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam,
2Department of Dentistry and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Young-Kyun Kim, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Section of Dentistry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 82 Gumi-ro 173beon-gil, Bundang-gu, Seongnam 13620, Korea. Tel: +82-31-787-7541, Fax: +82-31-787-4068, E-mail: kyk0505@snubh.org
Received: January 15, 2019; Revised: February 4, 2019; Accepted: March 12, 2019; Published online: June 30, 2019.
© The Korean Academy of Implant Dentistry. All rights reserved.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creative commons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
A bone graft may be used in a variety of clinically practiced implant surgeries, namely, guided bone regeneration, extraction socket preservation or reconstruction, ridge augmentation, and sinus membrane elevation. The bone graft is of various types depending on the material, for instance, autogenous bone graft, allograft, xenograft, alloplastic graft, and autogenous bone graft with demineralized dentin matrix, which may be used alone or with other materials. Bioactive agents that promote bone formation, such as recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), have been shown to exhibit a clinically beneficial effect on bone regeneration. Here, we intend to present surgical guidelines for bone grafts and criteria for selection of bone graft materials by referring to evidence-based studies and recent lectures on the subject of ‘bone grafts for implant dentistry’ at the Congress of Korean Academy of Implant Dentistry, 2018.
Keywords: Bone graft, Implant


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